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Discovery in Loadikya Ancient City!

Statue head of Hygieia found

Vita gazette – In a remarkable archaeological find, the missing head of a statue of Hygieia, the goddess of health, has been unearthed in the ancient city of Laodicea. This head, a testament to ancient craftsmanship, is estimated to be approximately 2,100 years old, a rare and invaluable discovery.

In Greek and Roman mythology, Hygieia, also known as Hygeia, is the daughter of Asclepius, the god of medicine and the goddess of health and cleanliness. Her name, Hygieia, is the etymological origin of the word hygiene. This connection underscores the goddess’s historical significance and role in shaping ancient medical practices.

Unveiling a mystery from the past, a statue head, believed to be that of the goddess Hygieia, has emerged from the depths of the Ancient City of Laodicea in Türkiye’s Denizli province. The search for the body of this enigmatic statue head continues, promising further revelations.

Laodicea, dating back to 5500 BC, is an ancient city on the UNESCO list. During the excavations in the Western Theater stage building, which dates back to the 2nd century BC, many large and small sculpture pieces dating back to 2,100 years ago were found. The statue head attributed to Hygieia, the goddess of health and hygiene, was found among these statues, strengthening the thesis that Laodicea, a trade city, also had a medical school.

Hygieia, the goddess of health and cleanliness, is not merely a mythological figure. She is the very origin of the word hygiene, a concept deeply ingrained in society. In ancient times, she was revered for her belief in the power to cure diseases, which significantly influenced the medical practices of that era, laying the foundation for our modern understanding of health and hygiene.

Head of Excavation Prof. Dr. Celal Şimşek has illuminated the profound implications of the statue head’s discovery. He underscores, “I think it is important because it is a very finely crafted work from the early period, especially the Late Hellenistic and Emperor Augustus, in which classical art is revived. The slightly larger-than-normal head, made of finely porous white marble, supports a medical school in Laodicea. This discovery, coupled with ancient sources mentioning numerous doctors trained in this medical school and the mention of an eye ointment during Christianity’s spread, indicating the importance of ophthalmologists, offers a unique glimpse into the medical knowledge of the time, inspiring us to delve deeper into ancient medical practices.”

Stating that the head part of the statue of Hygieia, the goddess of health and cleanliness, who was the daughter of Asclepius, the god of medicine in ancient times, was unearthed during the excavations, Şimşek said that efforts are continuing to find the remaining part of the statue.

A statue of the Roman Emperor

During the ongoing excavations in the Ancient City of Laodicea in 2019, A.D., a statue of Roman Emperor Traian, built in 113, was found. Next to the statue, which was unearthed and assembled in 356 pieces, a depiction of a Dacian enemy soldier with his hands tied behind his back was found.

The statue of Traian, which is 3 meters tall and has symbols on it, has armour on it, as well as symbols that show that he is a cruel emperor against enemies but protective against friends, expressing friendship and fertility, protecting art and being a powerful emperor.

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